Andrew Rothstein was born in London in 1898 to Jewish parents, both of whom were political exiles from Tsarist Russia. Andrew won a London County Council scholarship to Balliol College, Oxford to study history. However, in 1917 he was drafted into the army as a corporal. His regiment was not permitted to be demobbed at the end of the war. Instead they were ordered to go to Archangel in order to engage in hostilities against the new Soviet republic.
Encouraged by Corporal Rothstein the vast majority of the regiment declined and elected Andrew as their spokesman; hence we have included a section from his book "Soldiers' Strikes of 1919". In 1920, Andrew was a foundation member of the Communist Party of Great Britain. He was the London correspondent of ROSTA (later TASS, the Soviet news agency). In 1970 he was appointed secretary of the Marx Memorial Library and Workers' School.